Mathura Tourism, Mathura Travel Guide, India Mathura Travel, Mathura in India, Mathura Tour Packages, Mathura Tours.
birthplace of Lord Krishna, Mathura is the best place to observe the
religious heritage of India. The holy town positioned along the shores
of River Yamuna is one of the few that are mentioned both in history and
mythology. Mathura is naturally full of stories of Krishna as he not
only took birth here but also spent a part of his life here. It is
mentioned in the legendary Hindu epic of Mahabharata.
Later, it became a part of the Mauryan Empire and King Ashoka, built a
number of Buddhist monuments in and around Mathura in the third century
BC. Mathura earned its name as the center for arts between first century
BC and first century AD. The main theme of the sculptures of the Mathura
School of Art was inspired by the life of Lord Buddha. With the decline
of Mauryan Empire, the influence of Buddhism also declined. In the 11th
century AD, Mahmud Ghazni destroyed a large number of Buddhist and Hindu
shrines and Sikandar Lodhi followed his example in the 15th century just
like Aurangzeb who flattened the Kesava Deo temple and Ahmed Shah Abdali
who torched the city in 1757. It came under British rule in 1804. Today,
Mathura is a city of temples and shrines flocked by thousands of
devotees who come to visit the city of Lord Krishna.
||47 km northwest of Agra, Mathura is
in Uttar Pradesh, India.
||An important Hindu pilgrimage centre.
||The climate of Mathura is extreme and tropical.
Summers are hot and winters are cold. It experiences monsoons from
July to September. The best time to visit Mathura is between the
months of October and March.
Mathura, the holy city, is a land of cows. Its sweetmeats, especially
milk-based sweets are very famous. 'Mathura Pedas' (a type of
sweet-meat) are renowned all over India. Hand made embroideries are also
famous in Mathura as are the numerous sculptures and images, paintings,
rings and malas dedicated to Lord Krishna and other deities. The holy
pendants and rosaries in all shapes and sizes and around temples there
are lots of stalls selling flowers, incense sticks and 'prasad' along
with prayer books to be offered to the deities of the temples.
Shri Krishna Janmbhoomi
A temple marks the birthplace of Lord Krishna today. A narrow passage
leads one into a small room with a raised platform adorned with pictures
of Krishna as a child to the left. The story of His birth is written and
depicted on the walls. A narrow set of marble steps leads you to the
terrace and a walled corridor creates the effect of a prison. The prison
and the other buildings were razed to the ground in the 17th century but
were restored in 1962 by industrialists like G.D. Birla.
Rangbhoomi situated opposite to the post office in Mathura, is said to
be the wrestling arena where Krishna killed Kansa in a duel. According
to Hindu mythology, Kansa had put his father and parents of Lord Krishna
in prison and usurped the throne. Krishna killed him and set his parents
free reinstating his maternal grandfather Ugrasena on the throne.
The most important bathing ghat of Mathura is the Vishram Ghat, which
is believed to be the place where Krishna rested after killing Kansa.
Besides Hindu temples, Mathura is also known as a great center of
Buddhism. The museum houses a powerful, impressive Bodhisttava from the
Kushana period and even claims the honors of having produced the first
images of Buddha. Buddhism and Jainism influenced the Mathura school of
art, which flourished during Kushana's time. The coins found during
archaeological excavations in Mathura point to Scythian influence.
The Sati Burj, Kans Qila, Jama Masjid and Dwarkadheesh temple are other
places worth visiting in Mathura.
How To Reach
||The nearest airport is Agra, which
in turn has regular domestic flights from Delhi, Khajuraho and
||The Mathura is well connected by trains to Agra,
Delhi, Bharatpur, Sawai Madhopur and Kota. The Taj Express to and
from Delhi is a good option.
||Mathura is very well linked by a network of
roads to all the major cities of Uttar Pradesh and Delhi.